Saturday, May 29, 2004

150 Years of Sherlock Holmes (文史藝術)



1878年夏天,年少氣盛的華生剛從倫敦大學的藥劑學系畢業,適值
英國第二度出兵阿富汗。戰爭爆發不久,華生給徵召入伍,派送往
坎大哈的前線。戰爭非常激烈,華生這醫護兵也中槍受傷,幾經艱
苦的給同僚救回,送回印度後方療養。沒多久,華生解甲歸田,被
送回英倫本土。華生孤單一人回到倫敦,無親無故,單靠軍部的糧
餉過活。為了減低經濟上的壓力,華生決定另覓居所。在舊同事史
坦福的介紹下,分租了一間在貝克街221號 B 的房子。那房東,正
是他未來的好友及最佳拍檔 --- 福爾摩斯。這位舉世知名的偵探,
"生"於1854年,算起來,今年他剛好150歲!

「福爾摩斯」一書的作者為柯南道爾爵士,一位傑出的小說家及劇
作家。他1882年畢業于愛丁堡大學醫學院,1885年取得醫學博士學
位,開始掛牌行醫。據說,他在等待病人上門的空檔開始創作小說,
將大學的老師貝爾教授融入小說主角,創造出神探福爾摩斯這個角色。

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

1891年他正式棄醫從文,全力投入寫作。 1894年他決定停止寫偵探
小說,在"The Final Problem" 中讓福爾摩斯死去。不料廣大讀者
對此非常憤怒,連倫敦股票交易所的經紀也提出罷市以示抗議。柯氏
只得讓福爾摩斯復活,再寫出一系列家喻戶曉的偵探小說。

柯氏的作品,有很強烈的愛國意識。而福爾摩斯名堂越晌,所接的案
件也越重要。如在1893年出版的"Naval Treaty" 中替皇家海軍找
尋一份密約,又如在1915年出版的"His Last Bow"中智鬥德國特工
等等。在現實生活中,柯氏因為支持英國對南非發動的「波爾戰爭」
而在1902年獲封爵位。1906年柯氏髮妻去世。數年間,他的兒子也
在第一次世界大戰中殉職。有說此兩件事對柯氏打擊甚大,故此他晚
年醉心研究靈異事物,祈望可和故人"交談"。1930年柯氏逝世,享
年71歲。

5 comments:

Anonymous said...

I and my fellow mad pyscho-analyst friend had gotten ourselves thrown out of Sherlok Holmes fan clubs because of our interesting hypothesis. Anyone here want to talk about this?

Anonymous said...

Share your hypothesis. I am not surprised. They say the best cops are those with a criminal mind ...

BTW, wasn't Frank Abagnale Jnr not end up working for the FBI?

--- 收買仔

Jan the Man said...

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